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The half cent was among the first coin strikes authorized by the U.S. Congress on April 2, 1792. Designed by Adam Eckfeldt and first released in 1793, it was minted at the Philadelphia Mint periodically until 1857. Its metal composition was of copper and weighed of 6.74 grams. It is the smallest-denomination coin ever minted in the United States. Its small buying power and large size 22mm, led to its unpopularity at that time in history. Production of the Half Cent discontinued production on February 21, 1857.

Though it may appear strange nowadays, the U.S. government once issued a coin worth less than one cent: the half cent. The copper Half Cent started in production on April 2, 1792. During its 64-years in circulation the Government stuck five basic design types of the tiny (0.93-in) coin. The Philadelphia Mint was the choice of location for striking the first batch of Half Cent coins. A mint Mark was not forged on the coins. The Half Cent's designers and engravers are amongst the most renowned in U.S. Mint history: Adam Eckfeldt, Robert Scot, John Gardner, Gilbert Stuart, John Reich and Christian Gobrecht. Designs for the Half Cent were also translated for use other coin denominations throughout the years. Below is a brief summary of the Half Cent coinage designs.

Liberty Cap

The 1793 Liberty Cap was the first half cent struck and as a result, is a highly coveted coin for today's coin collectors. The obverse design, is believed to be based on sketches made by Mint Director David Rittenhouse, although it is not known for certain who actually finalized the design and the dies for the first Half Cents strike. The obverse features a portrait of “Liberty” facing left. Her hair is flowing behind her, and ascending from the back of her head is a pole that supports a liberty cap. The reverse features a laurel wreath of leaves and berries which circle the value, “HALF CENT”. In 1794 the “Liberty Cap” half cent saw its first design change after only one year of circulation. This design, “Liberty” is facing to the right. While there were many different forms of this design type, the most famed change, other than the direction of “Liberty”, is that she now is wearing her liberty cap. There are varieties which do place the cap held upright by a pole. The reverse remained the same as the previous designs, with a wreath circling the value, “HALF CENT”.

Draped Burst

Starting in 1800, the Half Cents design changed with the introduction of the "Draped Bust" form. The obverse featured a larger version of “Liberty” facing right. The reverse was graced with the existing wreath already in use. The laurel wreath is a close copy of that seen on 1797 Cents. It displays 16 leaves on the left branch and 19 on the right. “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” surrounds the border and the value “HALF CENT” is centered on the coin with the fraction, 1/200 at the coin's lower edge.

Braided Hair

The last design variety in the “Half Cent” series is the “Braided Hair”. The designer, Christian Gobrecht, used the same Braided Hair conception he used on the cent of 1839. A bust of “Liberty”, facing left, graces the obverse. Her hair is braided into a bun. She wears a tiara inscribed with the word "liberty". The reverse side was a re-introduction of that used on the 1809 rendition. The denomination, “HALF CENT”, is bordered by a wreath, tied at the bottom with a bow, and circled by the legend “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA”.

Here is a sample of popular U.S. half cent coins selling on eBay right now.


1835 Half cent full rims lettering all of Liberty Nice coin You Grade

$30.99


Nice 1805 Draped Bust HALF cent Free shipping E1

$33.00


1850 Half Cent very scarce date

$162.38


1834 Capped Bust Half Cent

$16.66


1803 DRAPED BUST HALF CENT RARE AND BEAUTIFUL

$32.66


Very nice 1854 Coronet Braided Hair HALF cent AU Free shipping E3

$45.00


1856 1 2 C HALF CENT BROWN PCGS GENUINE DAMAGE F FINE DETAILS NO RESERVE

$31.00


Half cent penny 1803 Cohen 3 mid grade details

$23.50


Half cent penny 1804 Cohen 9 sharp details damaged

$22.50


Half cent penny 1804 plain 4 entry level

$33.00


1804 DRAPED BUST HALF CENT VF SPIKE FROM CHIN HEAVY DIE BREAKS ON REVERSE

$79.00


1805 DRAPED BUST HALF CENT XF DETAILS

$46.00


1835 1 2C BN Classic Head Half Cent

$22.01


1853 Braided Hair Half cent PCGS AU53 brown and smooth DavidKahnRareCoins

$121.80


CT counterstamp on an 1808 Draped Bust Half Cent

$147.50


1829 Classic Head Half Cent

$34.29


1855 Braided Hair Half Cent Low Mintage 56500 AB0115

$38.01


1803 half cent Draped Bust Rare LOW MINTAGE 92k KEY Date Early Copper

$12.08


1853 Half Cent Braided Hair Nice BU++ Copper Free Shipping

$122.50


1805 Draped Bust Half Cent

$39.00


HALF CENT 1800 1808 Draped BustCULLPartial Date

$7.77


1804 Draped Bust Half Cent Circulated US Coin

$10.50


1809 1 2C BN Classic Head Half Cent Fine

$36.00


1794 LIBERTY CAP HALF CENT PCGS VERY FINE DETAILS ED GENUINE RARE CHOICE COIN

$405.00


1806 DRAPED BUST HALF CENT STEMLESS SMALL 6 NEAR CHOICE UNCIRCULATED BR

$91.00


1809 Half Cent Classic Head Rotated Dies Very PQ Free Shipping

$28.00


1828 Half Cent Classic Head 13 Star Scarce BU Early Copper Free Shipping

$88.00


1811 Classic Head Half Cent Closed Date RARE Key Date G VG

$220.50


1809 Choice Lustrous Brown Unc Half Cent RARE COIN NO RESERVE

$76.00


1803 DRAPED BUST HALF CENT NGC GOOD DETAILS

$22.50

Use this search tool, find Rare and Certified U.S. Coins:




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